Environment and natural resources

Valuable ecosystem in Sierra Leone will be impacted by climate change increase storm surges, flash floods and high wings accompanied by pollution, landslides, costal erosion, deforestation, biodiversity loss and increased species will further stress fragile ecosystems. The proportion of land classified as tropical dry forest, tropical very dry forest, and sub-tropical moist forest will shift. Particularly, in the south and east of the country.

A shift in vegetables from tropical rain to tropical dry forest will alter the composition of flora and fauna. Existing challenges of forest management, including poor governance, weak total enforcement, lack of coordination amount seafloor ministries and illegal harvesting will need to be addressed to adapt to climate change impacts.

Additionally, steps to reduce deforestation are required, as this increases the potential for both landslides and floods when tree roots that stabilize the ground are removed.

Roads are by far the primary mode of transport in Sierra Leone, supplemented by river transport in some areas. Both rivers’ systems and roads are often impassable during the rainy season. When the streets are flooded it makes it difficult for farmers to transport their agricultural goods to market.

Foday Sesay

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